Thank you for this posting Dr. Bentz. I often find the idea of writing literature to be quite overwhelming. When I look at my favorite pieces of literature, I hardly ever visualize the realistic writing process the author endured. Rather I envision a brilliant literary figure sitting in a well-lit place, fearlessly scribbling a perfect first draft of the masterpiece they are known for. This, however, is rarely, if ever, the case. It is comforting and insightful to see the grueling process Hemingway went through to produce his literature. I am encouraged by his struggles and his determination to succeed, despite his many roadblocks.
Hemingway didn’t write all these drafts in one sitting. He kept tinkering, trying new approaches, adding new sentences to earlier attempts, deleting details from old drafts. He kept the novel alive in his mind. He knew there were many viable options for how to tell his story, and he wasn’t afraid to try versions that failed miserably. Sometimes the only way to find the right solution is to give yourself the freedom to try many other ways that turn out wrong.
I’m glad Hemingway kept writing, and I’m grateful that the editors have produced an edition of the book that preserves his failed attempts. These drafts show his commitment to his craft and inspire me to work a little harder on my own projects.
?Women have actively shaped literature in German-speaking countries from the Middle Ages to the present day. These authors continue to enrich the world of letters, and an increasing amount of scholarly attention is given to their writings. In spite of their contributions, however, most of these writers are virtually unknown to English-speaking scholars and students. And though one of the explicit goals of feminist literary and cultural studies has been to provide a voice to a multitude of diverse authors, feminist research still seems to focus heavily on texts by authors such as Christa Wolf, Ingeborg Bachmann, and Bettina von Arnim, or on certain periods in 19th- and 20th-century German literature and culture. As a result, many other women authors have faded into obscurity.? (
A. Chronological study of German literature and its cultural background from the early 19th century to the 20th century. Selected representative literary and cultural texts will be read and analyzed. The course will include literary and cultural trends and movements of Naturalism, Impressionism, Neo-Romanticism, Expressionism, Epic Theater, and post-World War II contemporary developments. Selected texts include novels, novellas, plays, poetry and other texts from various authors.